World Kidney Cancer Day in 2022: Everything you Need to Know

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World Kidney Cancer Day is celebrated on June 16th this year. ‘We need to discuss about diverse treatment choices,’ is the topic of this year’s World Kidney Cancer Day. Renal cancer, often known as kidney cancer, is one of the most common cancers worldwide.

It is the 13th most common type of cancer and is posing a significant health threat. Every year, 1.8 lakh people die as a result of it. In India, one in every 442 men and one in every 600 women is at high risk of developing kidney cancer. Statistics also reveal that men are more likely than women to get the condition.

Factors that lead to kidney cancer

While a variety of factors have been linked to an increased risk of kidney cancer, doctors have yet to pinpoint the exact elements that cause the disease.

kidney Kidney cancer is caused by a combination of variables including smoking, hereditary transmission, obesity, and alcohol consumption.

Kidney cancer is caused by a number of variables, including smoking, hereditary transmission, obesity, and alcohol consumption. Another risk is age, since those over the age of 40 are more prone to contract the infection.

Symptoms

Kidney cancer is referred to as a “silent disease” because it does not cause any substantial physiological or bodily changes right away. The signs of the disease do not appear until the condition has progressed significantly. The following are some of the most common signs and symptoms of kidney cancer:

During urination, there is a bloody discharge (most common)
In the abdomen or on the side sections, there is a lump.
Loss of appetite
tiredness that lasts for a long time
Body weight reduction
Fever that comes and goes with no apparent cause
Breathing problems
Acute discomfort in the bones Coughing up blood

Diagnosis

When it comes to fighting Kidney cancer, the most important factors are early detection and therapy. In the event of possible symptoms, a quick check-up and contact with a doctor is critical to preventing the illness from spreading.

Urine tests and CT scans are two frequent diagnostic techniques used to determine whether malignant cells are present in and around the kidney.

Options for treatment

It is critical that a patient receives the appropriate treatment for their stage of disease as well as other variables such as age and disease location. Surgery, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy are some of the most prevalent treatments for kidney cancer.

renal well-being Surgery, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy are among the most popular treatments for kidney cancer. (Image from a file)
According to the NCRP 2021 study, surgery is the most common treatment for kidney cancer. The tumour in the kidney is surgically removed. If the tumour has spread across the entire kidney, the entire kidney, along with the tumour, is removed. In other circumstances, the patient is cured by surgically removing only the tumour and the area around it.

Surgery, on the other hand, will not be an option if the cancer has spread to other organs other than the kidney. Targeted therapy and immunotherapy, on the other hand, would be more plausible options. When compared to traditional chemotherapy, the treatment has virtually little adverse effects while fighting malignant cells. Apart from addressing the cancer’s proximal site, targeted therapy or immunotherapy, either alone or in combination, results in complete responses even in advanced cases of the disease. The treatment may also help to create a strong immune system that will protect against future tumours.

On this World Kidney Cancer Day, everyone should commit to a healthy lifestyle that includes regular exercise, no alcohol or tobacco intake, and continual vigilance against cancer symptoms. To beat kidney cancer, you need a timely diagnosis and the correct treatment prescription.