Nerves in our bodies are responsible for transferring sense impulses to our brain, muscles, spinal cord, and organs. Nerve cells, also known as neurons, connect with the brain and transmit it instructions. In the human body, there are over a billion neurons. “However, if any of these neurons are destroyed or do not function properly, neuropathy results,” stated Dr. Sanjay Kalra, Director, Bharti Research Institute of Diabetes & Endocrinology (BRIDE), Karnal, India. South-Asian Federation of Endocrine Societies President-Elect
When one or more nerves are injured, symptoms of neuropathy manifest as a “tingling sensation in our hands and feet.” Neuropathy can be caused by a single injured nerve, a specific nerve type, or even a collection of non-functional nerves.
Early symptoms of neuropathy include a number of signs and symptoms to be aware of. The sensation of needles pricking in the limbs, numbness, tingling sensations in the hands and feet, muscle weakness, and dizziness are only a few of them. “According to a survey commissioned by P&G Health and done by Heal Health and Hansa Research in 2021, barely half of those polled associate these symptoms with nerve health. “When asked what they believe is the single most important explanation for the symptoms, nearly 65% of respondents chose factors other than problems with their neurological system for witnessing these symptoms,” Dr. Kalra explained.
It’s also crucial to recognise that symptoms and their severity differ by age, gender, and those with co-morbidities. According to studies, girls are more likely than males to have symptoms such as dizziness, muscle weakness, and a prickling feeling. Similarly, although middle-aged persons are more likely to experience numbness and disorientation, older people are more likely to experience muscle weakness.
Nerve damage can be caused by a variety of factors, including diabetes, alcohol consumption, and exposure to certain chemicals and drugs. “Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common causes of neuropathy because excessive blood sugar damages nerves, rendering them unable to function.” Vitamin B12 deficiency, among other things, increases the risk of neuropathy. In 2016, the Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism released a study that found that 54.28 percent of patients with type 2 diabetes who also use diabetes medicines have an increased risk of peripheral neuropathy. “Vitamin B12 levels are shown to be significantly greater in people who do not take metformin, a diabetes treatment,” he stated.
As a result, keeping an eye out for signs and getting identified at the correct time is crucial. Feeling tingling and numbness in our hands and feet on a frequent basis can have a negative impact on our lives by disrupting the flow of our everyday activities. As a result, understanding the message that our neurons are attempting to send will aid in the early detection of neuropathy.
ladies report symptoms like dizziness, muscle weakness, and a prickling sensation more than their male counterparts, according to studies. (Picture courtesy of Pixabay)
When it comes to treating neuropathy, it’s important to do it at the proper time.
Neuropathy can be cured. Detecting early signs and responding quickly reduces the odds of developing neuropathy by a large percentage. Getting the correct medical care at the right time can help you avoid the stress of neuropathy. While drugs and treatment can assist in some circumstances, surgery may be required in others. According to a poll commissioned by P&G Health, more than 60% of people disregard the early indicators of poor nerve health. This makes it critical to seek medical advice as soon as you begin to experience any of the symptoms described above in order to gain a better understanding of your nerve health.
“The first step toward ensuring healthy nerve health is to be aware of and watch for symptoms.” We frequently dismiss these signs as insignificant and make the error of ignoring them. On the outside, what appears to be normal can affect a huge part of us on the inside. Even if you think the symptoms are nothing to be concerned about, go see your doctor and have them confirm it because prevention is always better than cure,” he said.