Numerous professionals and influencers have repeatedly advised us to perform a patch test before integrating a product into our skincare routine. Additionally, this is the very first and most fundamental instruction on every skincare product, and it is done this way to ensure that you utilise the products that are most appropriate for your skin type.
It’s important to use products that are appropriate for your skin type because some substances should only be used on particular skin types, while others can upset the body’s chemical balance and cause breakouts, a pale complexion, and other problems.
Dr. Shruti Marwah, MBBS, MS MCH, discussed the various skin types in a recent interview with HT Lifestyle. Dr. Shruti emphasised the need of understanding one’s skin type, saying, “It gives an idea about the environment ideal for it, skincare products to use to keep the glow, and also the harmful impacts on it due to one or more reasons. Serious skin issues might be caused by using the improper product. Knowing your skin type better will help you choose the proper product and protect your skin from adverse responses and impacts.
The skin types were further discussed by the specialist, who classified them into five groups: oily, dry, normal, combination, and sensitive.
Dr. Shruti outlined the process for determining one’s skin type. She claimed that excessive sebum production on the face, which always leaves the skin glowing and shiny, is a sign of oily skin. Normal skin is a mix of both types, but dry skin typically looks rough and drab. Combination skin is another name for the normal skin type.
Dermatologist Dr. Geetika Srivastava revealed the skin care items that should be utilised by various skin types in an interview with the journal, and she noted a few key considerations. claiming that those with mixture skin types are blessed because they don’t need as many cosmetics to maintain their skin. She pleaded with them to stay away from chemicals and follow the three golden rules of washing, moisturising, and using sunscreen.
According to the doctor, facewash with AHA/BHA should be used by those with oily skin. Alpha and beta hydroxy acids are well known for regulating sebum and further aiding acne problems. She went on to say that if you have oily skin, you should switch to gel-based products instead of cream-based ones and opt for non-comedogenic items. People with oily skin must wear sunscreen with silicone in it, and salicylic is their saviour, it should be noted. Regarding dry skin, the doctor advised them to totally rely on moisturising and treatments that offer intense hydration, such as hyaluronic acid and Vitamin C.
People with dry skin should avoid using AHA/BHA and retinol. People with sensitive skin should switch from using facewash to cleansers and choose products devoid of chemicals. People with sensitive skin must perform the patch test in addition to using chemical-free products. A moisturiser, which is a requirement for sensitive skin types, can be used to hide the redness, according to Dr. Geetika. Additionally, the dermatologist advised those with sensitive skin to avoid using toners, salicylic acid, acne medications, AHAs, BHAs, and retinol.