World Blood Donor Day is observed on June 14 with the goal of raising global awareness of the need for safe blood and blood products for transfusion. Apart from promoting awareness, the day emphasises the importance of unpaid and voluntary blood donors in the development of the national health system. Needless to say, donating blood is a noble gesture that can save a lot of lives, and any adult can safely donate blood. To give blood, however, certain criteria and conditions must be met, as men can safely donate blood once every three months, while women can donate blood once every four months. You can donate blood if you’re between the ages of 18 and 65.
Dr. Himanshu Lamba elaborated on these parameters, telling Hindustan Times that the person wishing to donate blood must be in good physical and mental health. Dr. Lamba went on to explain some of the essential requirements of a blood donor after stating that only a single unit of blood (450 ml) is collected from a donor.
Beginning with the age category of blood donors, which should be at least 18 years old, Dr. Lamba emphasised that the blood donor should not be underweight and should weigh at least 55 kilogrammes.
When it comes to the time gap, if the donor donates blood frequently, the expert advised everyone to keep in mind that males should donate blood every 90 days and females should donate blood every 120 days.
Before giving blood, the donor’s pulse should be between 60 and 100 beats per minute, and their haemoglobin should be >or =12.5 grammes per deciliter.
The specialist emphasised the necessity of getting enough sleep and stated that the donor should not work night shifts without getting enough sleep.
The donor must not be fasting prior to making a blood donation.
Before giving blood, the donor should not display any signs of intoxication, such as drinking alcohol, according to the doctor.
The donor must not be infected with any disease that can be spread through blood donation.
Finally, the donor should not have any form of severe respiratory illness.