5 Key Points from the ICMR’s Type 1 Diabetes Guidelines

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As the Covid-19 epidemic spread around the globe, researchers discovered that some people were more susceptible to the virus than others. People with diabetes are more likely to contract the virus and become seriously unwell as a result.

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has issued guidelines for the management of Type 1 diabetes, highlighting this susceptibility. The ICMR recognised the rising diabetes prevalence in the country and predicted an increase in diabetes cases in the future.

What is Type 1 diabetes, and how does it affect you?

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic illness in which an individual’s pancreas produces very little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone that permits blood sugar to enter cells and be converted into energy. Blood sugar accumulates in the bloodstream in the absence of insulin, resulting in high blood sugar levels.

Insulin deficit is more severe in Type 1 diabetes than Type 2 diabetes, although insulin resistance is absent or modest in Type 1 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes can strike anyone at any age, but it is most common in teenagers, children, and young people. To survive, people with Type 1 diabetes grow reliant on insulin and other medications.

Diet

A person with Type 1 diabetes should consume 50-55 percent carbohydrates, 25-35 percent fat, and 15-20 percent protein, according to the ICMR. Excessive carbohydrate restriction should be avoided since it can stunt the growth of children and adolescents, according to the study. To guarantee enough glucose for the brain, adults should consume at least 130 g of carbohydrates every day. Protein should account for 15 to 20% of a person’s daily calorie needs.

Exercise

Exercise can help people with Type 1 diabetes avoid becoming obese while also lowering their risk of cardiovascular disease. Physical activity and sports should be recommended in Type 1 diabetes patients, according to the ICMR. Increased activity intensity, on the other hand, raises the risk of hypoglycemia and should be avoided. Weight-bearing activities or exercises cause blood glucose levels to decline faster than other exercises.

Insulin therapy is a treatment for diabetes.

While insulin therapy has become a need for persons with Type 1 diabetes, the ICMR has highlighted some of the risks associated with it. The following is a list of them.

Hypoglycemia
gaining weight
Lipohypertrophy and lipoatrophy are two different types of lipoatrophy.
Infection at the insulin injection site
Individuals should use a clean, appropriate-sized needle to avoid infections and pain at the injection site, according to the instructions.

Monitoring of blood glucose levels

In Type 1 diabetes, blood glucose monitoring is critical since it aids in predicting glycemic control in patients. Adults should perform self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) at least 4-6 times each day. In the meanwhile, children should check their blood sugar levels at least twice a day.